St. Basil's Cathedral and Kremlin, Moscow, Russia

All Aboard: The Trans-Siberian Railway

Journey through history and take in the sights on the longest, most famous railway in the world.

Winding more than 5,700 miles across eight time zones, from Moscow to the Pacific port of Vladivostok, the Trans-Siberian Railway is the longest and most fabled rail line in the world. Constructed between 1891 and 1916, the railway established a permanent, reliable overland route for travelers and, crucially, for freight between Europe and Eastern Asia.

Russia, Vladivostok, Trans-Siberian RailwayDavid SangerFull Speed AheadWithout stopping along the way, the trip would take about a week, but there's too much to see to even consider doing that.

Point of Departure Charles Bowman / robertharding Point of Departure Moscow, home to 13 million people and the capital of the Russian Federation, is the westernmost point of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Moscow's Grand Central Station suraark Moscow's Grand Central Station The grand, western terminus of the Trans-Siberian line, Yaroslavlsky is Moscow's busiest train station. Passengers can board trains at Yaroslavlsky to North Korea, Mongolia, and China. Where Rivers Meet Walter Bibikow Where Rivers Meet Just 180 miles from Moscow, the ancient city of Yaroslavl (pop. roughly 600,000) is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Kotorosl rivers. Sleep in Style Vostok Sleep in Style Deluxe sleeping cabins on the Trans-Siberian express are throwbacks to another era, when luxury train travel was the preferred mode of transportation for the powerful and the super-rich. Next Stop: The Church on the Blood David Forman Next Stop: The Church on the Blood Located 1,100 miles east of Moscow, Yekaterinburg is Russia's fourth-largest city, with well over 1,000,000 residents. The "Church on the Blood" (pictured) was built in the early 2000s on the site where Czar Nicholas and members of his family were murdered during the Russian Revolution. Welcome to Omsk Simon Richmond Welcome to Omsk The distinctive pale blue railway station at Omsk, a city in southwestern Siberia roughly 1,700 miles east of Moscow. Omsk is Russia's seventh-largest city and, as the junction of the northern and southern branches of the Trans-Siberian Railway, it is a critical rail hub. Enter Siberia Kirill Kukhmar Enter Siberia With 1.5 million residents, Novosibirsk is the third-most populated city in Russia (after Moscow and St. Petersburg). A typical Siberian city in terms of climate, Novosibirsk experiences warm summers and brutally cold winters. City by the River by CaoWei City by the River Nestled on the Angara River, just 50 miles from famous Lake Baikal, Irkutsk is "by far the most popular stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway between Moscow and all points east," according to Lonely Planet. World's Deepest Lake John S Lander World's Deepest Lake Remarkable, enormous Lake Baikal -- the largest freshwater lake (by volume) in the world, as well as the world's deepest -- contains more water than all of the Great Lakes combined. It's just one of many stirring natural wonders along the Trans-Siberian route. Enter the Temple Kyodo News/Kyodo News via Getty Images Enter the Temple Ivolginsky datsan, a Tibetan Buddhist temple not far from Ulan-Ude -- a main stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway 3,500 miles from Moscow. When the datsan, or university monastery, opened in 1945 it was the only Buddhist spiritual center in the then-Soviet Union. Where Lenin Looms Large suraark Where Lenin Looms Large A gigantic, 25-foot-tall, 42-ton bronze head of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Lenin (1870 - 1924), looms over the main city square in Ulan-Ude, Siberia. Close to the Border The Asahi Shimbun Premium/Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images Close to the Border A low sun lights up a shark fin-like piece of ice on the frozen Amur River in Khabarovsk -- the second largest city in the far east of Russia. Khabarovsk is less than 20 miles from the Russia-China border. End of the Line Nutexzles End of the Line Not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea, Vladivostok is the eastern terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet and the largest Russian port on the Pacific Ocean. 5,700 Miles Later. . . Michael Runkel / robertharding 5,700 Miles Later. . . An old steam engine on display at the train station in Vladivostok, Russia, 5,700 miles away from the Trans-Siberian Railway's western terminus in Moscow.