Seventy-five years ago, on May 29, 1943, Norman Rockwell's iconic painting, "Rosie the Riveter," made its debut on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post. Donning a red bandana with a rivet gun on her lap and her foot resting comfortably atop a copy of "Mein Kampf,” Rockwell's Rosie (which he based on Michelangelo’s painting of Isaiah at the Sistine Chapel) remains a powerful symbol of American women and their critical contributions to the war effort. Here, photos taken between 1942 and 1943 at factories across the U.S. offer a glimpse of the hard-working women who kept America running when it needed them most.Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images I'm Every Woman Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images Can't Hold Us Down Bernard Hoffman/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images Girl on Fire Buyenlarge/Getty Images Run the World Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images Man! I Feel Like a Woman
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